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Pennsylvania Classics Concussion

Concussion Discussion:  What Every Athlete and Parent Needs to Know

What is a Concussion?

  • Injury from a hit, bump or blow to the head that affects the brain inside the skull
  • Affects how your brain functions
  • You do NOT have to lose consciousness to sustain a concussion

Signs you may have a Concussion

Headache, confusion, difficulty remembering, trouble paying attention, dizziness, balance problems, feeling slowed down, feeling foggy, nausea, feeling irritable or sad, sensitivity to light or sound, blurry vision, trouble sleeping, getting “knocked out”

Signs to watch for:

  • Appearing dazed
  • Confused about tasks
  • Forgetfulness
  • Being abnormally clumsy
  • Answers questions slowly
  •  “Blacks out,” behavior or mood changes, can’t remember events before or after they got hit


Pennsylvania Law 

Senate Bill No. 200 - Safety in Youth Sports Act

  • If an athlete suspected to have sustained a head injury, they may not return to participation until medically cleared
  • Athletes can be cleared by: a physician, a licensed health care professional (under direction of a physician) or a neuropsychologist TRAINED IN the evaluation and management of sports related concussions

What to do if you have a CONCUSSION

Let someone know

Don’t ever “play through” a head injury. Don’t feel pressured by ANYONE to keep playing. If you get hit again, you can make your injury worse and be “out” for much longer! Remove yourself from participation and let your coach or athletic trainer know what happened right away.

Get looked at

See your athletic trainer or a doctor to be evaluated. The sooner you get looked at, the better!

Rest up!

If you have a concussion, your brain needs mental and physical rest! The more rest you give it earlier on, the sooner you can return to play safely

Alexandria O. Starks, M.D.

Gregory Tocks, DO

Alexandria O. Starks, M.D. joins Orthopedic Associates of Lancaster following her shoulder & elbow surgery fellowship at Rothman Institute in Philadelphia.  Dr. Starks She is committed to delivering expert orthopedic care for common and complex shoulder & elbow problems.

Born and raised at the Jersey Shore, Dr. Starks grew up surfing, sailing, and swimming.  She competed in sailing at a collegiate level at Washington College where she met her husband, a Lancaster County native and looks forward to contributing her unique skill set to Lancaster and Lebanon communities. Dr.Starks is fluent in Spanish, allowing her to better serve the Spanish speaking patients in our area.

Undergraduate Education: Washington College, Chestertown, MD

Medical School:
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 

Internship: Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA

Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA

Fellowship: Rothman Institute, Philadelphia

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Board Certifications: 
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Board Eligible

Hospital Associations: 
North Pointe Surgery Center 
Penn Medicine Lancaster General Health 

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