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Pennsylvania Classics Concussion

Concussion Discussion:  What Every Athlete and Parent Needs to Know

What is a Concussion?

  • Injury from a hit, bump or blow to the head that affects the brain inside the skull
  • Affects how your brain functions
  • You do NOT have to lose consciousness to sustain a concussion

Signs you may have a Concussion

Headache, confusion, difficulty remembering, trouble paying attention, dizziness, balance problems, feeling slowed down, feeling foggy, nausea, feeling irritable or sad, sensitivity to light or sound, blurry vision, trouble sleeping, getting “knocked out”

Signs to watch for:

  • Appearing dazed
  • Confused about tasks
  • Forgetfulness
  • Being abnormally clumsy
  • Answers questions slowly
  •  “Blacks out,” behavior or mood changes, can’t remember events before or after they got hit


Pennsylvania Law 

Senate Bill No. 200 - Safety in Youth Sports Act

  • If an athlete suspected to have sustained a head injury, they may not return to participation until medically cleared
  • Athletes can be cleared by: a physician, a licensed health care professional (under direction of a physician) or a neuropsychologist TRAINED IN the evaluation and management of sports related concussions

What to do if you have a CONCUSSION

Let someone know

Don’t ever “play through” a head injury. Don’t feel pressured by ANYONE to keep playing. If you get hit again, you can make your injury worse and be “out” for much longer! Remove yourself from participation and let your coach or athletic trainer know what happened right away.

Get looked at

See your athletic trainer or a doctor to be evaluated. The sooner you get looked at, the better!

Rest up!

If you have a concussion, your brain needs mental and physical rest! The more rest you give it earlier on, the sooner you can return to play safely

Paul F. Carroll, M.D.

Dr. Carroll is fellowship-trained and board certified in the subspecialty of orthopedic sports medicine. In addition to his care of athletes of all ages, he practices general orthopedics and fracture care.

Dr. Carroll is a team physician for Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology and one of the team physicians for the Lancaster Barnstormers, and he serves as orthopedic consultant for Franklin & Marshall College.

When Dr. Carroll is not caring for his patients, he enjoys spending time with his wife and children.

Undergraduate Education: State University of New York, Binghamton, New York
Medical School: St. George’s University School of Medicine
New York Medical College
Internship: North Shore University Hospital-Cornell Medical College
Residency: Catholic Medical Center of Brooklyn and Queens, Inc.
Fellowship: University of Cincinnati, Wellington Orthopedics-Sports Medicine
Licenses: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Board Certification: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
Hospital Associations: North Pointe Surgery Center
Penn Medicine Lancaster General Health
Professional Affiliations: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery
American College of Sports Medicine
Lancaster City and County Medical Society
Pennsylvania Medical Society
Pennsylvania Orthopaedic Society
Head Team Physician, Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology
Team Physician, Lancaster Barnstormers Professional Baseball Team
Orthopedic Consultant, Franklin & Marshall College Athletics